According to the International Classification of Diseases, osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine belongs to the tenth group (ICD 10). This disease is one of the most commonly diagnosed spinal disorders.
Changes and complications of the course of the disease lead to the formation of intervertebral hernias, severe pain, impaired function of the intervertebral discs.
This disease is fixed in 80% of patients who seek help due to lower back pain. As a rule, osteochondrosis occurs in old age due to:
- increased loads during life in relation to the lower back,
- lime salt deposits,
- age changes.
Description and symptoms of the disease
Characteristic signs of lumbar pathology include the following manifestations:
- reduced flexibility and mobility;
- difficulty turning, rotating, tilting the body;
- general fatigue;
- sleep disorders;
- problematic fulfillment of natural needs and self-care due to pain;
- irritability, profuse sweating;
- cold or tingling in the legs;
- spasmodic manifestations in the arteries of the feet;
- violation of sexual function (in men), menstrual cycle (in women);
In fact, to answer the question of what is osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine, you can use the following theses:
- Reduction of the distance between the intervertebral discs, violation of their functionality, loss of moisture, elasticity.
- Overexertion and chronic weakness of the spinal muscles.
- Violation of the ability to amortize discs, their partial deformation and the effect on nerve endings that lead to pain (refers to the 3rd and 4th stage of the disease).
The course of the disease
The development of pathology takes place gradually. It is common to distinguish 4 phases of medical history:
- The first degree is manifested by local pain in the lumbar region, which is exacerbated by physical exertion. This symptom signals that the muscles are overstretched and that the process of deformation of the intervertebral discs has already begun. Also, patients in this phase can feel dull pain in the back, radiating to the gluteal region, tingling, burning in the same place. As a rule, pain occurs after weight transfer or sudden movements.
- The second period of the disease is characterized by the beginning of the deformation of the surrounding tissues, the fibrous ring of the disc and the reduction of the natural distance between the vertebrae. Compression (compression) of the nerve roots also develops. At this stage, the patient may feel sharp pains that progress during walking. Feeling of tingling or coldness in the legs may occur. Tension and protrusion of the discs developed. If an attack of pain occurs, the patient automatically deviates in the opposite direction from the focus of the pain syndrome.
- The third stage is characterized by the final destruction of the discs, the appearance of intervertebral hernias. Pain in the lower back becomes more frequent and stronger, and gives in the legs, back, regardless of the load and movement.
- The fourth stage of osteochondrosis is characterized by abnormal growth of the vertebrae. Cartilage undergoes significant atrophic processes. The pain may subside, which indicates the formation of protective tissue, but this is by no means a sign of recovery. The disease at this stage usually leads to the patient's disability.
Almost identical manifestations of the disease in question are characterized by deforming spondylosis of the corresponding part of the body. This disease belongs to the late stages of osteochondrosis and has the following symptoms:
- feeling of heaviness in the back, especially in the lower back;
- acute pain in a sitting position, when moving;
- pain in the lower back when bending, stretching and other movements.
This disease is characterized by cardinal changes in the vertebrae with the formation of bony outgrowths that irritate the ligaments of the spine. Outgrowths (osteophytes) can reach considerable size, cause the fusion of parts of adjacent vertebrae and put pressure on nerve roots.
The consequence of the disease, in addition to pain, can be a decrease in mobility, discomfort when changing the time, disability.
Basically, the disease develops in old age due to excessive load on the lumbar region and deposits of lime salts. In young people, spondylosis can develop due to curvature of the spine, improper distribution of stress to the back muscles.
Wellness gymnastics, physiotherapy and medical procedures
It is completely unrealistic to cure the disease. The first two stages of spinal health disorders can be cured quickly and permanently. In addition to medication, which is prescribed by a doctor after an appropriate examination, patients are shown physiotherapy and equipment for exercising osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine.
- massage - can reduce pain, strengthen lumbar muscles, relax problem areas.
- Physical activity, exercises to strengthen the back muscles.
- Amplipulse, magnetic resonance imaging effect.
- Iontophoresis and diadynamic currents.
The optimal result in the treatment of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine gives an integrated approach using traditional therapy, massage, physiotherapy, traditional medicine. Preventive should strengthen the back muscles, do not avoid physical exertion and follow a proper diet. Also, do not forget about the timely treatment of other back diseases, maintaining a healthy lifestyle.