Often, after hard physical work or sports training, a person notices that his arms and legs hurt. If such a condition is associated with overexertion or fatigue, the pain usually disappears after a few days. But it happens that such discomfort a person regularly worries, and can occur regardless of physical activity. In this case, the pain can be caused by serious health problems that require treatment.
The appearance of joint pain - arthralgia - can be observed against the background of general well-being. Painful feelings usually occur after excessive physical exertion, and can also be noticed in pregnant women. Recently, there have been more and more complaints of joint pain in children, caused by the sudden development of the musculoskeletal system.
In other cases, joint pain is a symptom of some pathology, a signal of an inflammatory or destructive process, an autoimmune disease. For complete treatment of the joints, it is important to determine the basic cause of the pain.
General description of the problem
Pain in the legs and arms is quite common. Such a problem is usually not associated with age, even children and adolescents often suffer from such sensations. For them, this is usually associated with rapid growth or increased physical exertion. And in adults, regular limb pain can be caused by a variety of diseases.
Such pain can come from any part of the extremities. The feet on the feet usually hurt, because they are exposed to the greatest stress. Knees, hips and hip joints can also be affected. On the hands, the pain is mostly localized in the forearm and shoulder. But often such feelings appear in the hands, preventing the person from doing normal work.
Bones, joints, muscles can hurt. The problem often occurs due to impaired blood circulation and tissue nutrition. Sometimes the discomfort is transmitted by nerve fibers from other parts of the body. These radiating pains can occur in spinal diseases, myocardial infarction, renal or biliary colic. In this case, the pain occurs on the right or left side, depending on which organ is affected.
Such pain is usually mild, people describe it as a feeling of pain, discomfort. Pain can occur only during movement and give way at rest or constantly disturb the person.
Attention: if the pain is not related to physical activity or is accompanied by additional symptoms, you should consult a doctor.
Without treatment, such pain can become chronic and lead to reduced performance or even disability. It is especially important to see a doctor if limb pain occurs at the same time as other symptoms. It can be fever, weakness, chills, nausea. This condition usually occurs with serious pathologies that require urgent treatment.
The most common cause of limb pain is simple fatigue. They most often appear the day after sports training. But it can be after working in the countryside, carrying heavy loads, general cleaning or outdoor activities. This usually happens to physically untrained people.
Such pain is called crepitus. They don't just appear that way. Most often, the pain is due to microtrauma of muscle fibers. If this happens often, they do not have time to heal and inflammation occurs. As a result, the blood supply to the tissues may be disrupted, and ischemia may develop. Intense training can also lead to sprains and tears of muscles or ligaments. All of these factors usually cause pain that lasts for 3-5 days. But the accumulation of lactic acid in the muscles can not be the cause of such prolonged pain, it recedes in a few hours.
But there are more serious reasons for this problem. There are several groups of pathologies that can cause pain in the legs and arms. They differ in the mechanism of formation and localization. But they have one thing in common: one of the manifestations is pain in the limbs.
What diseases can cause this symptom:
- pathology of blood vessels and veins, usually of the lower extremities;
- infectious diseases;
- poisoning and other conditions that cause intoxication of the body;
- inflammatory pathologies of joints, muscles, nerve tissue;
- degenerative diseases of the joints and bones;
- autoimmune pathologies;
- hormonal disorders;
Diseases of blood vessels and veins are quite common. They occur in men and women of all ages. These are usually varicose veins. At the same time the legs hurt, you feel heaviness, convulsions may occur. Gradually, varicose veins become visible through the skin. With age, thrombophlebitis and thrombosis are also common, the symptoms of which can be strong throbbing pain in one leg or arm. Atherosclerosis of blood vessels can also cause them to become clogged, causing painful sensations, mostly pressure or squeezing, intensified by movement.
Less common vascular pathologies include:
- obliterating endoarteritis;
- major artery embolism;
- Raynaud's disease;
- arteriovenous dysplasia.
In the case of circulatory disorders, in addition to pain in the arms and legs, numbness, a feeling of crawling, and cold extremities often occur. Muscles weaken, fingers swell, it becomes difficult to move and things fall off your hands. If the small veins of the extremities are affected, blue or purple spots may appear on the skin, and the nails become blue.
Attention: it is especially dangerous if the pain in the left arm is accompanied by shortness of breath, weakness, heaviness in the chest. This may be a sign of a myocardial infarction.
Pathologies associated with circulatory disorders include prolonged immobilization. And it doesn’t just happen with forced immobility after an injury. Blood circulation can be disturbed due to prolonged sitting in one position, for example, while traveling or while sitting.
Hands and feet often hurt with viral diseases. Such sensations are considered a classic symptom of the flu. They are associated with the fact that to fight infection in the body are formed special substances - prostaglandins. They cause fever and pain. In addition, such pain may be associated with intoxication and fever that accompany infectious diseases.
Limb pain is most common with flu, SARS, bronchitis, pneumonia, pyelonephritis, rubella, and chickenpox. Such feelings can be a symptom of borreliosis, botulism, paratyphoid, salmonellosis, cholera and many parasitic diseases.
Intoxication often causes pain in the muscles of the arms and legs. This is due to cell death, which occurs when toxins or toxins enter the body, for example, a large amount of alcohol, an overdose of certain drugs. This often happens with food poisoning. Limb pain is accompanied by nausea, abdominal pain and intestinal upset.
Intoxication also occurs with the bite of ticks, some other insects, snakes. In that case, convulsions, allergic manifestations and respiratory insufficiency can occur. And ticks often carry infectious diseases, the first manifestations of which are pain in the limbs.
People over the age of 45 often suffer from pain in the joints of the arms and legs. A person's limbs are constantly in motion, so the joints wear out. And with age, metabolic processes slow down, which negatively affects the condition of articular cartilage and other tissues. Therefore, pathologies such as arthritis, arthrosis, gout are often encountered. They can affect any limb joint. In osteochondrosis or spondyloarthritis, in addition to the spine, the arms or legs can also hurt.
In all these diseases, the joints of the hands and feet hurt, and the pain can spread to the muscles and other surrounding tissues. For example, osteoarthritis mainly affects large joints. But the pain can be felt in the bones and muscles that are next to them. Rheumatoid arthritis usually affects the finger joints. Pain does not only occur during exercise. It is felt even at rest, and can spread to the palms, wrists, forearms.
In some diseases, the bones of the arms and legs are affected. At the same time, the person experiences painful sensations that prevent him from leading a normal life. It occurs in osteomyelitis, osteomalacia or osteoporosis. These pathologies are associated with infection in the bone tissue or with a lack of calcium in it.
This is the most common reason for such feelings. Muscle pain can occur with overwork, after injuries, with myositis. Under the influence of unfavorable external factors, muscle inflammation occurs, sometimes ischemia occurs due to circulatory disorders. In this case, the so-called "trigger points" appear, ie areas of increased pain. The pain can be painful, weak or sharp, unbearable. It is localized in one place or can spread to all limbs. This often results in muscle weakness.
This condition is called myofascial pain syndrome. It can occur after increased physical exertion, while usually the right leg or arm hurts more. The cause of pain can be wearing uncomfortable shoes, anomalies in the development of the skeleton, scoliosis, prolonged immobilization after injury or illness. In addition, this condition often accompanies people of certain professions. For example, office workers, tailors, hairdressers have a sore right arm.
If muscle pain occurs due to hypothermia or infection, it is myositis. The pathology is accompanied by quite severe pain. In this case, the temperature may rise, the limb swells. Polymyositis is accompanied by painful weakness, increased fatigue.
Similar painful sensations can be a symptom of many other pathologies. Weakness and pain in the limbs often occur with increased blood pressure, sleep disorders and vegetovascular dystonia. The cause of pain can be blood diseases, endocrine pathology, growth of malignant tumors.
Often, such pain is caused by damage to nerve tissue. These can be neuromas, neuralgia or neuritis. Pain in the back of the thigh can be caused by sciatica, and the joint is often affected by a carpal tunnel.
When the doctor cannot find the cause of the pain after the examination, and it lasts for several months, the patient can be diagnosed with fibromyalgia. This pathology is quite common, but so far scientists cannot determine what its cause is. The disease is also difficult to diagnose because it is not detected by tests or hardware diagnostics. Only general symptoms allow us to talk about the frequency of pathology.
Fibromyalgia most often occurs in women. This is believed to be due to a reduction in the pain threshold. The source of the problem lies in the brain. Often, after severe stress, a person notices that his arms or legs are sore. This usually happens the next morning.
Basically, the discomfort is localized in the shoulder girdle, elbows, hips or knees. In addition to pain in muscles, ligaments and tendons, the patient feels weakness, decreased performance, increased fatigue, worsening mood and memory. He often has insomnia, depression, cannot relax, suffers from headaches.
Characteristics of treatment
If your limbs start to hurt after physical exertion, you can alleviate your condition yourself. To do this, it is recommended to take a bath and relax. After minor injuries, it is recommended to apply a cold compress to the damaged area. It is advisable to avoid stress for a few days, and the pain will soon disappear.
But it happens that all this does not help, the pain lasts for several weeks, and the patient does not know what to do to get rid of the discomfort. It is best to visit a doctor and get tested. After all, only after it becomes clear why the limbs hurt, it will be possible to choose the right treatment.
Important: Some people with such problems start taking analgesics or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on their own. But other than causing many side effects, they don’t always help.
Only a doctor will be able to determine how to treat the pathology after the examination. It depends on what caused the pain, where they are located, and what their intensity is.
Analgesics or NSAIDs are usually used for treatment. For severe pain, your doctor may prescribe anesthetic injections at the sites of pain projection or corticosteroid injections.
In addition to these drugs, and in mild cases on their own, external means are used. These can be ointments or gels based on NSAIDs, capsaicin, bee venom, essential oils. They have analgesic, warming and disrupting effect, help relieve muscle cramps and improve blood circulation.
The composition of the complex treatment of such pathologies includes other means. Their choice depends on the cause of the pain. For example, in the case of joint pathologies, chondroprotectors are prescribed to restore cartilage tissue. Antidepressants help with fibromyalgia.
Muscle relaxants are often used to relieve muscle cramps that can increase or cause pain. Multivitamin preparations, especially those containing B vitamins, are needed to restore blood circulation and nerve conduction. Medicines that improve peripheral circulation and accelerate tissue regeneration are also effective.
Often such pain reduces the mobility of the limbs, weak muscles, and the joints lose elasticity. Massage and physiotherapy exercises are used to restore the functions of the arms and legs. They help restore normal muscle tone, improve joint mobility. And strengthening the muscular corset allows you to avoid such problems in the future.
Pain in the arms and legs is rarely a serious pathology, it most often occurs during overwork. But such pain can indicate the development of certain diseases which, if left untreated, will lead to complications. So do not ignore the pain that lasts longer than a week. It is best to consult a doctor who will help determine their cause and prescribe treatment.